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Dog diabetes is a severe disease on the rise.
According to the Banfield Pet Hospital State of Pet Health 2016 report, diabetes in dogs has increased by 79.7% since 2006.
High blood glucose levels, which result from diabetes, can affect the body’s ability to function normally, leading to an increased risk of problems such as heart disease and stroke in dogs.
The good news is that diabetes common in dogs. Better understood now than before. Veterinary science has come a long way, and diabetes is quite manageable if detected early. It is no longer a death sentence.
In this article, we’ll go over the details of dog diabetes, from its causes and symptoms to treatment options, and help you better understand the stages of diabetes.
There are also details about signs your dog with diabetes is dying and when that decision may need to be made sooner.
Table Of Contents
- What Is Canine Diabetes?
- Types of Diabetes in Dogs
- The Average Lifespan of Dog With Diabetes
- Signs of Diabetes in a Dog
- What Causes Canine Diabetes?
- What is the Average Life Expectancy of a Diabetic Dog?
- Treatment Options for dog diabetes
- When to Put Diabetic Dog Down?
- How to Prevent Canine Diabetes?
What Is Canine Diabetes?
Like humans, dogs can get diabetes. Canine diabetes develops when a dog does not produce insulin at an average rate, causing dysregulation within the body.
Insulin is responsible for regulating blood glucose levels and glucose absorption in our furry friends, helping our dogs to maintain energy throughout the day.
When insulin is not produced as it should, this causes the body to produce more and more glucose. When there is no “filter” for a dog’s glucose levels, this will cause a build-up of glucose in the bloodstream.
This can lead to uncomfortable symptoms for the affected dog and severe health issues down the road.
Most of the time, a dog will develop diabetes due to insufficient functioning of the pancreas. One of the main functions of the pancreas is to produce insulin, which causes diabetes mellitus if it does not work as it should.
While less common, dogs can develop diabetes secondary to prescription drugs or chronic medical conditions.
Types of Diabetes in Dogs
Diabetes is an endocrine disorder. Type 1 Diabetes influences the capacity of the body to create sufficient insulin to correct blood sugar levels. Type 2 Diabetes impacts the ability of the body to respond to normal insulin levels.
Dr. O’Kell says that although there are two types of dog diabetes because they are among people, they do not come precisely with what we know about the disease in people.
Type 1 Diabetes
Also known as insulin-deficient diabetes, this version means that your dog cannot produce enough insulin. The pancreas does not perform as it should, resulting in a significant reduction in hormone production.
In some cases, the pancreas can stop fully incorporating insulin.
This form of diabetes is most common in dogs. It is manageable, but the required regular insulin injections ensure that the body effectively converts glucose.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes, or insulin resistance diabetes, develops when other hormones in the body prevent insulin from working correctly. These problematic hormones can be produced by excess body fat. Therefore, overweight people are at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
According to Dr. O’Kell, it produces a hormone called progesterone during pregnancy. And after a heat, it can also increase during a false pregnancy or result of a uterine infection called pyometra.
A dog’s blood sugar can drop to dangerously low levels due to sporadic and strenuous exercise or changes in insulin administration, home monitoring of blood glucose is key to preventing hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). Dedication will save your pet’s life. Without proper treatment, your dog or cat will ultimately die. Sadly, some owners even choose to euthanize.
The Average Lifespan of Dog With Diabetes
Many dogs that show symptoms of diabetes and have been diagnosed do not die of diabetes if they receive the proper treatment. If your dog is alive for the first 3 to 4 months after diagnosis and not left untreated, you and your furry friend can still spend a lot of time together.
The median survival for dogs with diabetes is two years, and many live much longer, provided they receive the proper treatment and are regularly screened.
Dogs with diabetes, for example, generally lead full, happy, and free lives. of symptoms when given appropriate treatment.
However, without treatment or insulin medication, dogs suffering from diabetes mellitus are at high risk of developing complications such as diabetic ketoacidosis, which can cause multi-organ failure.
]Many dogs that die from diabetes often do so because they were diagnosed late and before the disease could be brought under control.
Signs of Diabetes in a Dog
If you’re wondering if your dog has diabetes, there are a few common symptoms to watch out for. While these symptoms can vary depending on how advanced your dog is, dog diabetes often leads to the following symptoms.
- Increased thirst
- Peating more
- Accidents in the home
- Altered appetite
- Weight loss
- Chronic urinary tract infections
- Vision changes
- Cloudy appearance of the eyes
If you notice any of the above symptoms in your dog, it’s time to contact your vet. These problems can be signs that your pup is developing diabetes, along with other possible complications.
What Causes Canine Diabetes?
While there are no specific causes for diabetes in dogs, some factors make it more likely. These factors include:
- Gender – unspayed female dogs are most likely to develop diabetes.
- Age – middle-aged to older dogs are more susceptible to the disease.
- Pancreatitis – have this disease. (inflammation of the pancreas) can cause long-term damage to the pancreas in the past, impairing insulin production.
- Weight – one factor in insulin resistance is obesity.
- Genetics – some research suggests genetics is one factor if you got your dog from a breeder, check your Kennel Club papers.
But even if none of these causes apply to your dog, don’t rule out diabetes if he exhibits some symptoms.
What is the Average Life Expectancy of a Diabetic Dog?
The average lifespan of a dog with diabetes all cases of canine diabetes are different. While you can adopt a strict care regimen with your doctor, there is always a chance that your partner’s condition could worsen.
Here are some common symptoms that dying dogs may experience when diabetes runs its course.
- Urinary Tract Infections (UTI)
- Renal Failure
It is also worth bearing in mind that the treatment of diabetes can be pretty intense. Since older dogs are already weaker and more vulnerable, keeping them alive would only prolong their suffering. Nevertheless, the decision is ultimately yours.
Treatment Options for dog diabetes
There is no direct cure for diabetes in dogs, but it can be treated if you maintain a close relationship with your veterinarian. Dogs with diabetes mellitus require twice-daily insulin medication injections tailored to their needs, along with an approved diet that remains consistent throughout their lives. Most dogs will need to participate in a glucose curve to find the best dose as it is not a one-size-fits-all approach.
The most important part of managing a dog with diabetes is consistency stay. . . Any change in diet or insulin routine can be a significant setback for your pup, leading to severe complications in some cases. It is also essential to keep your vet informed of any changes in routine or health as this can significantly impact their diabetic patient.
When to Put Diabetic Dog Down?
It can be difficult for owners to know when is the right time to put their dog to sleep; emotions are high, and you want to do what’s best for your dog, so they don’t suffer.
There is never a good time to put an animal to sleep, and most illnesses are slow, so the decision is often made unclear. However, with diabetes, the decision may be made too late. A dog can go into diabetic ketoacidosis very suddenly and become very unwell. Depending on the severity of the disease, the prognosis may be poor at this point, and some owners will choose to put their dog to sleep before the suffering gets worse.
Many old dogs with diabetes will become ill slowly. Deteriorate, and their quality of life may gradually decline as the disease is less controlled. If your dog has chronic vomiting, dramatic weight loss, extreme lethargy, and a lack of interest in activities he once enjoyed, then it may be time to consider euthanasia. There comes the point where owners keep their dog alive for their own good rather than what is in their dog’s best interest. If you’re not sure what to do, book a visit to your local vet, who can help you come to a rational conclusion.
How to Prevent Canine Diabetes?
Preventing diabetes in dogs isn’t easy.
For many dogs, diabetes is in their genes, but spaying your female dog is an easy way to prevent insulin-resistant diabetes. Appearance. The occurrence is caused by diestrus or pregnancy.
Obesity is often associated with diabetes, but Dr. O’Kell is a direct cause. That said, obesity is believed to contribute to insulin resistance (among other things), so preventing it may lead to more effective treatment.
Pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas) is known to be a risk factor for diabetes in dogs. . . Pancreatitis can be genetic, but it can also result from feeding fatty foods such as pork and other meat products.
Feed your dog healthy, balanced dog food and limit extras to fruits and vegetables.
“Avoiding overfeeding and regular exercise are the keys to maintaining a lean body weight,” says Dr. O’Kell. “If you’re not sure how much to feed your dog, your vet can help you develop a nutritional plan to help prevent obesity.”
There are many ways to keep a dog with diabetes healthy. But the seriousness of the condition should not be ignored.
The final stages of dog diabetes can be particularly difficult for both you and your dog. Understanding the signs of suffering will help you make the most critical decisions for your dog.