My 6-month-old new female puppy is in heat. how long does a female dog stay in heat? How do I deal with this in addition to crates or do I just leave it in an enclosed space?
Puberty or sexual maturity in female dogs start at different times, depending on the size of the breed. Smaller breeds tend to heat for the first time around the age of six months, while larger dogs can be two years old before warming up.
From the age of about six months to the rest of her life, a female dog will experience oestrus or heat about every six months.
This is the moment when she is open to couples. Hormonal changes cause pronounced differences in your dog that indicate she is in heat, including a swollen vulva, bleeding, more frequent urination, and increased nervousness or alertness.
Table Of Contents
- Do Dogs Have Periods?
- How Do You Know If A Dog Has Heat?
- How Long Does A Female Dog Stay In Heat?
- How Can I Prevent My Dog From Going Into The Heat?
- Why Should I Neuter My Dog?
- When Should I Neuter My Dog?
- How Do You Take Care Of Your Dog At Home During The Season?
Do Dogs Have Periods?
Girl dogs do not have monthly menstrual periods or bleeding in the same way as female women. Bleeding is a natural part of a dog’s reproductive cycle but occurs on average only twice a year.
The time at which this bleeding occurs is called the heat or season of a dog.
This only happens with dogs that have not been sterilized. We will talk a little more about castration as a way to prevent dogs from coming later in the season.
Unlike most female women during a period, a female dog is very fertile during their heat.
This is the only time of the year in which dogs can mate and become pregnant.
So your Lab must be carefully managed during the heat to prevent pregnancy.
How Do You Know If A Dog Has Heat?
There are usually some clear signs when your dog is in season, but it is not always clear, so if you think she is approaching that time, keep an eye on her
Physical Appearance And Swelling
The first thing you probably notice is that the vulva (external genitals) of your female dog becomes very swollen and swollen. It can be literally three or four times its normal size.
Together with bloody discharge, these symptoms tell you that your girl has entered the season.
While your girl is in her fertile phase, bleeding may stop or become more watery.
Although you would expect the main sign to bleed profusely, it is not always clear.
Sometimes you only see small markings on the floor or in the dog’s bed.
More Cleaning And Licking
Most Labs are very good at keeping themselves clean.
This may be another good sign that they are in season
If she is swollen and her genitals are licking considerably more than normal, her heat has probably started.
How Long Does A Female Dog Stay In Heat?
Nowadays so many female dogs are already sterilized when people adopt them, it is not uncommon for people to get confused about the heat of a dog.
The medical term for a dog that is in the heat is in estrus. Female puppies usually experience a first destroyed somewhere between six and twelve months old. In addition to the oestrus phase, there is an entire cycle that you must understand to keep your dog healthy.
The 4 Phases Of The Canine Estrus Cycle:
Proestrus: duration 7-12 days.
In this early phase, you will see an enlarged vulva and possibly bloody vaginal discharge. It is during this phase that a female dog begins to attract male dogs. However, this is not the time to breed. Although they allow men to approach, women do not stand for mating during proestrus.
Estrus: Duration 7-9 Days.
Estrus is the fertile period. Vaginal secretion changes from bloody to straw-colored and vulvar swelling is still present. Females will stand for mating at this stage.
Diestrus: Duration Around 65-90 Days.
Characterized by discontinuation of vaginal discharge and unwillingness to mate. This is the moment when puppies start to form when mating has taken place. If you are pregnant, diestrus will last the gestation period – 63-65 days. If the female dog is not pregnant, the duration of the diestrus is 75-90 days. There are no outward signs of diestrus in non-pregnant dogs.
Anestrus: Duration From The End Of The Diestrus To The Start Of The Next Proestrus Phase.
Anestrus is the resting time for the reproductive tract. The dog will look and behave once during anestrus.
If you plan to breed your female puppy, it is advisable to wait until she is about two years old. This allows her body to become physically mature before being asked to undergo the stress of pregnancy and childbirth.
Males can be extremely persistent when they smell a bitch in estrus. For this reason, you must always keep a close eye on your puppy. If you leave her alone or somewhere near an intact dog, you run the risk of unwanted early pregnancy.
How Can I Prevent My Dog From Going Into The Heat?
It is highly recommended to neuter your female dog, not only to prevent oestrus and unintended pregnancy but to protect it against breast cancer and reproductive system disorders.
Why Should I Neuter My Dog?
Apart from the toll your dog takes to give birth to a litter and raise puppies, the number of homeless animals euthanized each year makes an irresponsible decision to have your dog mated. (This does not apply to those who are active in sporting events for dogs and are well informed about the care of pregnant and breastfeeding puppies.) Although many people have heard that it is a health benefit to give a dog a nest before it is neutered, this belief is not substantiated.
The hardships of giving birth and raising puppies can even lead to premature aging and, in some cases, death. It has also been shown that dogs neutered before their first heat cycle have a much lower risk of developing mammary gland tumors.
When Should I Neuter My Dog?
The right time to castrate your dog is halfway between cycles, once it is mature and when you are fully aware of (and thought about) the risks and benefits of castration.
We know much more about the effects of castration on dogs than ever before.
There are many health benefits to neutering your dog. Castrated dogs, for example, have a considerably lower risk of breast cancer.
However, we now know that sterilization is not always in the interest of every dog.
That is why you have to weigh up the pros and cons that depend on your individual situation.
Your puppy can be sterilized from 2 months. It is best to consult a veterinarian to determine the best time for your girl.
How Do You Take Care Of Your Dog At Home During The Season?
If you don’t have intact men at home, don’t change your girl’s living conditions too much.
She is expected to behave normally.
That said, she may need extra toilet breaks because she wants to pee more often.
It is undoubtedly important to keep your dog out of the reach of good furniture.
However, she should not feel that she is being punished for doing something wrong. Make sure she still gets the quality time she deserves.
Hygiene And Cleaning When A Dog Is Hot
It is important to clean up your girl when she is in the heat. Both for general and hygienic reasons.
If you have easily wiped floors in all rooms where your dog has warm access, it is easiest to increase your cleaning routine.
Hygienic Pants For A Dog During The Season
Another alternative is to buy hygienic pants that your girl can wear in the coming weeks.
They help prevent stains on your carpets and furniture and ensure that your dog has access to all parts of your house as usual.
Some dogs in heat do not tolerate hygiene pants and will tear them off. In that case, you may want to consider a system of barriers.
Your female dog will be fertile all her life, provided she has no health issues affecting her reproductive system.
To prevent unwanted pregnancies, oestrus women must be closely monitored and kept on a leash.
There are cases where a woman may have abnormal heat, usually due to other health problems that affect hormone production. The only way to prevent your wife from getting hot is to have her neutered by a qualified veterinarian. This also reduces the risk of pyometra and certain cancers.
If you are concerned about your dog’s cycle or reproductive system, you should consult a veterinarian.