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When Cavapoos Reach Puberty: Signs, Stages, and Managing Heat Cycles (2024)

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when do cavapoos go into heatThinking about when your Cavapoo will reach puberty?

Knowing when and what signs to look for will help you understand your dog better and provide the proper care.

In this article, we’ll explore:

  • The signs of heat in Cavapoos
  • How to manage their first heat cycle
  • The stages of their heat cycle

We’ll also discuss:

  • Spaying
  • Alternative heat prevention methods

Key Takeaways

  • Cavapoos typically experience their first heat cycle between 6 and 12 months of age, with smaller breeds maturing faster than larger ones.
  • Heat cycles in Cavapoos occur every six months or up to 3-4 times a year, lasting for 2-3 weeks each time, with bleeding usually lasting for 9-12 days.
  • Spaying a Cavapoo before the first heat prevents unwanted pregnancy, reduces the risk of certain cancers, and eliminates hormonal changes and behavioral adjustments associated with heat cycles.
  • Alternative heat prevention methods, such as hormonal therapies, nutritional supplements, herbal remedies, behavioral modification techniques, and acupuncture, vary in effectiveness and should be discussed with a veterinarian.

Understanding Cavapoo Heat Cycles

Understanding Cavapoo Heat Cycles
As we learn about Cavapoo heat cycles, let’s explore:

  • The typical age range for their first heat.
  • The frequency of subsequent cycles.

Keep in mind that these may vary among individual dogs.

Age of First Heat

As a Cavapoo owner, you’re likely wondering when your furry friend will experience their first heat cycle.

Puberty milestones vary among dogs, but here’s a general idea:

  • Cavapoos typically reach puberty between 6 and 12 months of age.
  • Smaller breeds like Cavapoos tend to mature faster than larger breeds.
  • Most female dogs experience their first heat cycle around 6 months.

Frequency of Heat Cycles

Depending on your Cavapoo’s size, you can expect her heat cycles every six months or up to three or four times a year.

The duration of each heat cycle typically ranges from two to three weeks, with bleeding usually lasting for about nine to twelve days.

During this time, your Cavapoo may experience hormonal fluctuations and behavioral changes, such as increased affection or clinginess, as well as a heightened interest in male dogs.

Understanding these heat cycle patterns and behaviors will help you provide the necessary care and support your Cavapoo needs during this phase of her life.

Signs of Heat in Cavapoos

Signs of Heat in Cavapoos
As your Cavapoo nears puberty, you’ll want to be aware of the signs of heat.

Physical signs include:

  • Enlarged vulva
  • Swollen nipples
  • Vaginal discharge
  • Increased urination
  • Increased thirst

Behavioral signs include:

  • Increased affection and clinginess
  • Aggression toward male dogs
  • Receptiveness to male dogs
  • Seeking out male dogs

Physical Signs

Alongside behavioral changes, you’ll also notice physical signs that your Cavapoo is in heat.

These signs are triggered by hormonal changes signifying reproductive readiness.

Watch for:

  • A swollen vulva, a sure sign of heat.
  • Vaginal discharge, which can vary in color from clear to straw-colored or even bloody.
  • Increased urination and thirst, both common signs of hormonal fluctuations.

These bodily transformations signal the start of your dog’s heat cycle, a natural season in her life.

Behavioral Signs

  • You’ll also witness behavioral changes in your Cavapoo during heat, such as:
  • Increased affection towards you.
  • Aggression toward male dogs.
  • Increased affection and clinginess:
    • Your Cavapoo may seek more attention and cuddles, craving your presence and comfort.
  • Aggression toward male dogs:
  • Receptiveness to male dogs:
    • During her fertile window, your Cavapoo may exhibit receptiveness to male dogs, signaling her willingness to mate.
  • Seeking out male dogs:
    • Your Cavapoo may actively seek out male dogs, driven by her natural instincts to find a mate and reproduce.

Managing Your Cavapoo’s First Heat

Managing Your Cavapoo
When your Cavapoo experiences her first heat:

  • Provide extra comfort and support.
  • Keep her environment stress-free.
  • Monitor her behavior and symptoms closely.

If you notice any unusual signs, consult your veterinarian promptly.

Monitoring and Comfort

Monitoring your Cavapoo’s behavior and ensuring her comfort during her first heat is crucial.

Watch for changes in her behavior and physical symptoms, such as:

  • Increased clinginess
  • Decreased activity
  • Vaginal discharge

Provide emotional support and create a stress-free environment.

The heat cycle typically lasts 2-3 weeks, but consult a veterinarian if it extends beyond a month.

Spaying before the first heat eliminates future cycles and reduces the risk of reproductive health issues.

Discuss medication options with your veterinarian if spaying isn’t an immediate option.

Hygiene Practices

Wiping your Cavapoo’s vulva gently with unscented wipes helps maintain hygiene during her first heat cycle.

Keep your loving Cavapoo clean and comfortable by washing her vulva with warm water and mild soap, then patting it dry.

Diaper training is an option to manage discharge, and disposable or washable diapers can be used.

Odor control is essential, so change diapers frequently and use Rocco & Roxie Stain Remover to eliminate stains and odors.

Provide comfort products like soft bedding and a quiet space for your Cavapoo to rest.

These hygiene practices ensure your Cavapoo stays clean and comfortable during her first heat cycle.

Spaying: Timing and Benefits

Spaying: Timing and Benefits
If you’re considering spaying your Cavapoo, you’re not alone.

Spaying before the first heat can prevent unwanted pregnancy and reduce the risk of certain cancers.

Talk to your veterinarian about the timing and benefits of spaying to make the best decision for your beloved companion.

Before First Heat

Before your Cavapoo’s first heat cycle arrives, you have the option to spay her to prevent heat cycles altogether.

Spaying before the first heat minimizes the risk of mammary cancer, eliminates the risk of pyometra, and halts behavioral changes associated with heat.

While spaying can impact physical development, hormonal influences, socialization impact, and environmental adaptation, these factors can be managed with proper care and training.

After First Heat

After your Cavapoo’s first heat cycle, spaying her offers long-term health benefits and eliminates the need for further heat management.

Spaying after the first heat reduces the risk of mammary tumors and pyometra, a life-threatening uterine infection.

Additionally, it eliminates hormonal changes and behavioral adjustments associated with heat cycles, providing a more stable and predictable temperament.

Physical recovery from spaying typically takes 10 to 14 days, during which time your Cavapoo will need a calm environment and emotional support.

Alternative Heat Prevention Methods

Alternative Heat Prevention Methods
You can consider alternative heat prevention methods, like certain medications, but remember that they may come with potential side effects.

Hormonal therapies, for instance, can temporarily suppress heat cycles, but they can also disrupt your Cavapoo’s natural hormonal balance and lead to weight gain, lethargy, and mammary gland tumors.

Nutritional supplements and herbal remedies are other options, but their effectiveness varies and they may interact with other medications your dog is taking.

Behavioral modification techniques, such as providing a calm and stress-free environment, can help reduce the intensity of heat cycles, but they may not completely prevent them.

Acupuncture options are also available, but their efficacy is still being studied.

Always consult with your veterinarian before exploring alternative heat prevention methods to weigh the potential benefits and risks for your Cavapoo.

Heat Cycle Stages Explained

Heat Cycle Stages Explained
Let’s begin by discussing the four distinct stages of a Cavapoo’s heat cycle:

  • Proestrus: This stage involves physiological and behavioral changes, including bleeding.
  • Estrus: During this stage, the Cavapoo is receptive to mating and exhibits hormonal shifts.
  • Diestrus: This stage follows estrus and is characterized by hormonal changes and the preparation for pregnancy.
  • Anestrus: This is the resting phase of the heat cycle, during which the Cavapoo’s reproductive system is inactive.

Understanding these stages can help you effectively manage your Cavapoo’s heat cycles and make informed decisions about their reproductive health.

Proestrus Stage

The proestrus stage marks the start of your Cavapoo’s heat cycle.

This stage is characterized by subtle changes in behavior and body language.

Hormonal changes trigger behavioral cues that signal her receptiveness to mating.

Physical changes include a swollen vulva and vaginal discharge.

This stage typically lasts 3-9 days, with ovulation timing varying among individuals.

Monitor your Cavapoo closely during this stage to prevent unwanted mating and ensure her well-being.

Estrus Stage

In the estrus stage, your Cavapoo is fertile and receptive to mating.

Her vulva will be swollen, and she may produce a bloody discharge.

She’ll also be more affectionate and clingy, and she may lift her tail to expose her vulva.

This stage typically lasts 9-12 days, and ovulation usually occurs around day 11 or 12.

During this time, it’s important to keep her away from male dogs if you don’t want her to get pregnant.

Diestrus Stage

After ovulation, your Cavapoo enters the diestrus stage, a crucial phase lasting 60 to 90 days.

During this post-heat period, her body prepares for pregnancy or the reabsorption of unfertilized eggs.

Monitor for signs like reduced swelling, a decrease in bloody discharge, and a return to her usual behavior.

If mating occurred, you might observe signs of pregnancy around 25 to 30 days after the heat’s onset.

Consult your veterinarian for birth control options or pregnancy prevention advice.

Anestrus Stage

You’ll often notice your Cavapoo is no longer receptive to mating during the anestrus stage.

This phase typically lasts for several months and marks the end of the heat cycle.

During this time, the vulva will return to its normal size, and the bloody discharge will cease.

Although your Cavapoo won’t be fertile during this stage, it’s still crucial to take precautions to prevent unplanned breeding.

Recognizing a Silent Heat

Recognizing a Silent Heat
Watch out for a silent heat, where your Cavapoo may not exhibit the typical signs of heat but can still become pregnant.

This hidden bleeding and undetected ovulation can make it challenging to determine the fertile window, leading to complications in breeding plans.

Silent heats can be frustrating for breeders and confusing for pet owners.

False signs of heat, such as vulvar swelling or bloody discharge, may occur, making it difficult to pinpoint the exact timing of ovulation.

If you suspect a silent heat, consult your veterinarian.

They can perform tests to confirm ovulation and provide guidance on breeding or heat prevention strategies.

Early detection is crucial to avoid unwanted pregnancies and ensure the well-being of your Cavapoo.

Caring for a Cavapoo in Heat

Caring for a Cavapoo in Heat
During your Cavapoo’s heat cycle:

  • Create safe spaces for her to rest and relieve herself.
  • Provide gentle exercise on a leash to prevent unwanted breeding.
  • Offer extra supervision to keep her safe and comfortable.

Safe Spaces

Create a comfortable, private den with soft bedding to provide your Cavapoo with a safe retreat during her heat cycle.

This dedicated space offers a sense of security and helps minimize stress.

Keep her away from areas with excessive activity or potential hazards.

Sharing your personal experiences and product recommendations with other Cavapoo owners can be invaluable.

Exercise and Supervision

During your Cavapoo’s heat:

  • Provide controlled exercise by keeping her leashed and avoiding off-leash areas like dog parks.
  • Safeguard your pet by minimizing exposure to potential safety hazards.
  1. Leash her in public spaces to prevent unwanted encounters.
  2. Use diapers for heat to maintain hygiene and prevent mess.
  3. Supervise outdoor activities closely to ensure safety.
  4. Keep exercise moderate to avoid straining her body.

Potential Health Concerns

Potential Health Concerns
If your Cavapoo becomes lethargic, loses appetite, or has a swollen abdomen, she may have a serious infection called pyometra, which can be life-threatening.

False pregnancy can also occur, which mimics pregnancy without actual mating.

Both conditions require veterinary attention.


Pyometra, a uterine infection caused by hormonal changes, poses a serious risk to your Cavapoo’s health during heat cycles.

Watch for symptoms like:

  • Fever
  • Lethargy
  • Increased thirst
  • Foul-smelling discharge

Prompt antibiotic treatment is crucial, but spaying remains the most effective prevention.

Don’t let this infection threaten your beloved companion’s well-being.

False Pregnancy

You may also notice symptoms of false pregnancy, like milk production and nesting behavior, even though your Cavapoo isn’t pregnant.

This hormonal imbalance can occur after a heat cycle, regardless of mating.

False pregnancy can cause discomfort and stress for your Cavapoo.

Hormone treatments or spaying can help manage false pregnancy.

Spaying before the first heat cycle can prevent false pregnancy and other health implications.

If you suspect a false pregnancy, consult your veterinarian for guidance on ovulation timing and treatment options.

When to Consult a Veterinarian

When to Consult a Veterinarian
Consult a veterinarian if you suspect pyometra, a uterine infection that can cause serious health issues. Acting promptly is crucial, as pyometra can lead to sepsis and even death if left untreated.

  • If your Cavapoo’s heat cycle lasts longer than three weeks, it’s time to seek professional advice. Prolonged bleeding can indicate underlying health problems that require medical attention.
  • Don’t ignore sudden behavioral changes during heat. While mood swings are normal, drastic shifts, such as aggression or lethargy, may signal discomfort or illness.
  • Resist the urge to rely solely on home remedies or online advice. While some natural approaches may provide temporary relief, they’re not a substitute for veterinary care.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

How can I make my Cavapoo more comfortable during her heat cycle?

Comfort is key for your Cavapoo during her heat cycle.

Keep her environment stress-free.

Provide ample exercise.

Clean up any discharge with unscented wipes.

Consider washable diapers to manage bleeding.

Are there any natural remedies to help alleviate heat cycle symptoms in Cavapoos?

Certainly! Consider natural remedies:

  • Aloe vera gel soothes irritation and reduces inflammation.
  • Chamomile tea, given in moderation, calms anxiety and promotes relaxation.

Always consult your veterinarian before administering any remedies.

Can I bathe my Cavapoo during her heat cycle? If so, what precautions should I take?

During your Cavapoo’s heat cycle, bathing her is permissible, but extra care is crucial.

Use lukewarm water and a gentle shampoo.

Avoid the vulva area.

Keep bath time brief.

Dry her thoroughly.

Offer comfort afterward.

How long after my Cavapoo’s first heat cycle should I wait before spaying her?

Spaying your Cavapoo after her first heat cycle offers optimal health benefits.

Consult your veterinarian to determine the ideal timing based on her specific needs and circumstances.

What are the potential risks and complications associated with spaying a Cavapoo?

Spaying your Cavapoo is like snipping a delicate flower’s stem, altering her natural rhythm.

Potential risks include infection, bleeding, and anesthesia complications.

Weigh the decision carefully.


As a Cavapoo owner, understanding when and how your furry companion goes into heat is akin to navigating a new chapter in your shared journey.

Recognizing the signs of heat, managing their first heat cycle, and discussing spaying with your veterinarian ensures you’re equipped to provide the best care for your beloved Cavapoo during this natural phase of their life.

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Mutasim Sweileh

Mutasim is the founder and editor-in-chief with a team of qualified veterinarians, their goal? Simple. Break the jargon and help you make the right decisions for your furry four-legged friends.