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Loving the Long-Haired Chihuahua: a Comprehensive Guide (2024)

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long haired chihuahua

As an owner of a long-haired Chihuahua, you’ll be mesmerized by their tiny stature and majestic demeanor. These charming companions originated in Mexico, perfected by the Aztecs into a smaller, lighter version of the Techichi.

With a distinctive long, silky coat in hues like black, brown, fawn, cream, and white, the long-haired Chihuahua requires regular grooming to prevent tangles and maintain their healthy, lustrous appearance.

Beyond their striking looks, you’ll admire their fiercely independent yet affectionate nature, making them watchful guardians suited for novice owners.

Key Takeaways

  • The long-haired Chihuahua originated in Mexico and was refined by the Aztecs from the Techichi, a companion animal cherished by the Toltec people.
  • These dogs require regular grooming to maintain their healthy, lustrous appearance and prevent tangles.
  • Long-haired Chihuahuas are fiercely independent yet affectionate, making them watchful guardians and popular companions.
  • The breed has a deep and historic past, with the first Chihuahuas making their way to the United States in the 1800s and the first AKC registration in 1908.

History and Origin

The Long-Haired Chihuahua is a lineage with a deep and historic past. Originating in Mexico, these canines can trace their origin back to the Techichi, a companion animal cherished by the Toltec people. The breed was further refined by the Aztecs, who selectively bred the Techichi into a more diminutive, lighter dog that more closely aligns with the Chihuahua familiar to us today. The initial Chihuahuas made their way to the United States from Mexico in the 1800s, and the first of the breed to be acknowledged by the AKC was Beppie, who was officially registered in 1908.

Despite their diminutive stature, Chihuahuas possess a strong presence. They’re celebrated for their unwavering loyalty, vigilance, and vivacious nature, making them valued companions and guardians. The Long-Haired Chihuahua adds an extra touch of elegance to this breed with its resplendent, flowing coat, which can range from somewhat wavy to straight. This coat not only enhances their aesthetic appeal but also acts as a natural insulator, providing warmth and shelter.

The evolution of the Long-Haired Chihuahua’s coat is an outcome of selective breeding, emphasizing not only aesthetic appeal but also well-being and temperament. This process has produced a dog that embodies the best of both worlds: the tenacity and spirit of the Chihuahua, complemented by a stunning coat that commands admiration. The breed’s genetic makeup is influenced by a recessive long coat gene, which requires both parents to carry it for the puppy to exhibit the trait.

The Long-Haired Chihuahua’s narrative is a testament to their enduring allure, from their ancient roots in Mexico to their global adoration today. Their journey continues to shape our lives and history in their uniquely Chihuahua way.



The long-haired Chihuahua is a breed that boasts a distinctive appearance, characterized by its long, silky coat that can range from straight to slightly wavy. The coat comes in a variety of colors, including black, brown, fawn, cream, white, and some long-haired Chihuahuas may have markings such as brindle or merle.

The coat growth is determined by genetics, with the coat development timeline involving a puppy coat that sheds around 4-5 months, an adult coat starting to grow at 7-8 months, and a full coat achieved by 1 year. Coat variations include double coats, which are dense and silky, and single coats, which are coarser and less dense.

The long-haired Chihuahua is a small dog, typically weighing between 3 and 6 pounds (1 to 2.7 kg) and standing about 6 to 9 inches (15 to 20 cm) tall at the shoulder. The breed is known for its alert and expressive eyes, which can be dark or light in color.

The long-haired Chihuahua is a loyal and affectionate companion, making it a popular choice for those seeking a small, loyal dog.


After admiring the long-haired Chihuahua’s captivating appearance, let’s explore their disposition. These diminutive dynamos possess a vibrant personality. They’re fiercely self-reliant, yet their affectionate nature creates a strong bond with their preferred humans. Don’t be deceived by their diminutive stature; they’re vigilant guardians, often vocalizing to warn you of any disturbances. Despite their assertive nature, they’re surprisingly suitable for novice dog owners due to their receptiveness to training. Here’s how to appreciate their spirited essence:

  1. Acknowledge their barking as a form of communication, not merely a nuisance.
  2. Value their protective instincts as an expression of their unwavering loyalty.
  3. Find humor in their bossy attitude; it’s an intrinsic part of their charm, transforming each day into an adventure.


Training a Chihuahua requires patience, consistency, and a positive approach. Here are some tips to help you get started:

  • Consistency in Training: Establish a routine for training sessions and stick to it. This will help your Chihuahua understand what’s expected of them.
  • Reducing Barking: If your Chihuahua is prone to barking, consider training them to be quiet on command. This can be achieved through positive reinforcement and patience.
  • Stubbornness Management: Chihuahuas can be stubborn, but with the right approach, they can be trained. Offer suggestions and let your Chihuahua follow your lead.
  • Patience in Training: Training a Chihuahua takes time and patience. Avoid training when you’re tired or angry, and take it one step at a time.
  • Show Dog Training: If you plan to show your Chihuahua, consider enrolling them in obedience classes. This will help them learn the specific commands and behaviors required for the show ring.


Nurturing a Long-Haired Chihuahua is a fulfilling endeavor. To safeguard your furry companion’s well-being and contentment, adhere to these guidelines:

  • Weekly Brushing: Regular brushing preserves your Chihuahua’s coat radiant and unentangled.
  • Occasional Baths: Bathe your Chihuahua only when necessary to prevent depleting its coat’s natural oils.
  • Balanced Diet: Provide your Chihuahua with a balanced diet to maintain a healthy weight and avert obesity.
  • Regular Exercise and Playtime: Ensure ample exercise and playtime to keep your Chihuahua active and engaged.



As a long-haired Chihuahua owner, you’ll need to comprehend the distinctive characteristics of your pet’s coat. The coat genetics of your Chihuahua are dictated by the parents’ coat length and take several years for complete development.

Coat variations include double and single coats, with possible pants and tail plumes. Indicators of coat growth include discrepancies evident at birth, fluffy hair on puppies, and long, thick tail and ear hair.

Consistent grooming is indispensable for maintaining the coat and controlling shedding, which occurs moderately throughout the year. Remember, coat care is paramount for your Chihuahua’s health and appearance.


Caring for your long-haired Chihuahua’s health is like being a superhero for a tiny, furry citizen. Here’s your action plan:

  1. Health and Nutrition: Feed them a balanced diet to keep their energy up and their coat shiny. Think of it as their superfood.
  2. Health and Exercise: Daily walks are their secret to staying agile and avoiding the dreaded belly bulge.
  3. Health and Dental Care: Regular teeth cleaning battles the evil plaque monsters.
  4. Health and Aging: Regular vet visits are their fountain of youth, catching any sneaky health issues early.


Becoming a Chihuahua owner is a rewarding experience, but it comes with responsibilities. Here’s what you need to know:

  1. Cost of Ownership: Chihuahuas can be expensive to purchase, especially from reputable breeders. Adoption is a more affordable option.
  2. Finding Breeders: If you decide to buy a Chihuahua from a breeder, research their reputation and visit their facility. Avoid puppy mills.
  3. First-Time Ownership: Chihuahuas are suitable for new dog owners, but they require patience and consistency in training. They may not be the best choice for families with young children.

Breeding and Genetics

Breeding and Genetics
Breeding and genetics play a crucial role in the evolution of the long-haired Chihuahua’s coat, which is an outcome of careful breeding that prioritizes not only aesthetics but also well-being and temperament. Here are some essential points to ponder:

  • Coat color genetics: Chihuahuas possess a spectrum of coat colors, including black, white, chocolate, and more. The color of a Chihuahua’s coat is determined by a combination of dominant and recessive genes. For instance, black is the most dominant color, but a particular combination of genes might result in a blue Chihuahua, even if the dominant gene for a black coat is present.

  • Coat texture inheritance: The texture of a Chihuahua’s coat can vary from straight to wavy, with some having a silky, long coat and others having a shorter, coarser coat. This is determined by the specific genes inherited from the parents.

  • Coat growth patterns: The growth of a Chihuahua’s coat can be influenced by factors such as age and season. For instance, puppy coats tend to shed around 4-5 months, while adult coats start growing at 7-8 months, and full coat development typically occurs at 1 year.

  • Coat length variations: The length of a Chihuahua’s coat can vary greatly, from short to long, and even between litters from the same parents. This is due to the inheritance of different coat length genes from the parents.

  • Coat shedding patterns: Long-haired Chihuahuas have a moderate to high shedding rate, which can increase during seasonal changes.

Grooming and Care

Grooming and Care
Now that we’ve covered the breeding and genetics of long-haired Chihuahuas, it’s time to focus on their grooming and care. As a conscientious owner, you want to guarantee your furry companion remains healthy, happy, and looking their best. Here are some key points to keep in mind:

  • Bathing Frequency: Long-haired Chihuahuas require regular baths to maintain their coats clean and free of tangles. Aim for a bath every 2-4 weeks, depending on their activity level and surroundings.
  • Coat Differences: Remember, coat length and texture can vary considerably among individual Chihuahuas. Some may have a thick, silky double coat, while others may sport a coarser, less thick single coat. Be prepared to adjust your grooming routine accordingly.
  • Grooming Products and Supplements: Invest in top-quality grooming products, such as detangling sprays, slickers, and brushes designed for long-haired breeds. Consider incorporating coat supplements into your Chihuahua’s diet to support healthy hair growth and shine.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is the difference between long haired and short haired Chihuahuas?

The long-haired Chihuahua is a shaggy soulmate, its flowing locks an enticing canvas, while the short-haired variant is a sleek sidekick, its smooth style an elegant statement – both lovable lapdogs with unique charms to allure your heart.

How often should a long haired Chihuahua be brushed?

You’ll wanna brush your long-haired Chihuahua weekly to keep their silky coat looking its best. Brush a bit more often during shedding seasons to tame those flyaways and keep them feeling fresh as a daisy.

What is the typical lifespan of a long haired Chihuahua?

Long-haired Chihuahuas typically live 14-20 years, giving you plenty of time to bond with your spunky, lively companion. Their lifespan aligns with their small size and affectionate nature, making them loyal, lifelong friends.

Are long haired Chihuahuas prone to any specific health issues?

Long-haired Chihuahuas are prone to certain health issues like dislocated kneecaps, hypoglycemia, and obesity. But with proper care and diet, you can keep your furry friend happy and healthy for years to come.

How much exercise does a long haired Chihuahua require daily?

You’ll need to keep these petite pups on the move – aim for a daily constitutional of under an hour’s brisk walk or playtime. Chihuahuas are a ball of energy, so get ready to hustle!


Owning a long-haired Chihuahua is like being a parent to a stately sovereign – their tiny size conceals a fiercely independent spirit and unwavering loyalty.

The long-haired Chihuahua’s alluring appearance, trainability, and affectionate nature make them a delightful companion.

By properly grooming and caring for your long-haired Chihuahua, you’ll safeguard their health and happiness for years to come.

Embrace the distinctive charm of the long-haired Chihuahua, and you’ll be rewarded with a lifelong friend.

Avatar for Mutasim Sweileh

Mutasim Sweileh

Mutasim is the founder and editor-in-chief with a team of qualified veterinarians, their goal? Simple. Break the jargon and help you make the right decisions for your furry four-legged friends.