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Caucasian Shepherd Dog: Learn About the Breed’s History, Temperament, and Care (2024)

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caucasian shepherd dogThe Caucasian Shepherd is a large, powerful guardian breed with a long history of protecting livestock and property.

They are devoted to their family and make excellent companions for those who are looking for a loyal and protective dog.

Key Takeaways

  • Caucasian Shepherd Dogs are large, powerful dogs that originated in the Caucasus Mountains.
  • They are fiercely loyal and protective of their families, and make excellent guard dogs.
  • They can be aloof with strangers and require early socialization and training.
  • They are high-maintenance dogs that need plenty of exercise and grooming.


A Caucasian Shepherd makes a great family companion with its loyal, protective, and intelligent nature.

This giant breed originated in the Caucasus Mountains, where it was bred as a livestock guardian.

Today, it remains a popular choice for families and individuals alike who appreciate its strength, courage, and devotion.

The Caucasian Shepherd requires a minimum of one hour of daily exercise and does best in a home with a large yard.



The Caucasian Shepherd Dog has a long and storied history dating back over 2,000 years.


The Caucasian Shepherd Dog originated in the Caucasus Mountains of Eastern Europe and Western Asia.


The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is descended from a group of ancient mountain dogs that were used for hunting Russian bear.


The word ovcharka means shepherd in Russian.


The Caucasian Shepherd Dog was originally bred as a livestock guardian.

Physical Characteristics

Physical Characteristics
When considering the physical characteristics of the Caucasian Shepherd Dog, you’ll notice a robust and muscular build that sets this breed apart.

Standing between 25-28 inches tall and weighing between 99-154 pounds, this giant dog breed is a powerful and imposing guardian.

With a medium-length double coat that comes in a variety of colors, the Caucasian Shepherd Dog is a low-maintenance breed that’s easy to groom.

Temperament and Behavior

Temperament and Behavior
With their protective instincts and strong guarding abilities, Caucasian Shepherds are loyal and devoted companions.

They’re affectionate with their family but reserved with strangers.

They’re intelligent, trainable, and independent.

Caucasian Shepherds require low-maintenance grooming and are suitable for families with older children.

Care and Grooming

Care and Grooming
With their thick double coat, Caucasian Shepherds shed seasonally. Brushing your dog regularly will help manage shedding and keep their coat healthy.

You should brush your dog at least once or twice a week, and more often during shedding season.

You should also bathe your dog monthly, trim their nails, and clean their ears regularly.

A healthy diet and exercise will also help keep your Caucasian Shepherd happy and healthy.


While the Caucasian Shepherd Dog is generally a healthy breed, there are some health conditions that you should be aware of before bringing one home.

  • Hip dysplasia
  • Elbow dysplasia
  • Bloat
  • Obesity
  • Entropion

By being aware of these conditions, you can help your Caucasian Shepherd Dog live a long and healthy life.


With an average lifespan of 10 to 12 years, ​​Caucasian Shepherds are a long-lived breed.

  • Sultan, who lived to be 16-18 years old
  • Bogdan, who lived to be 20-22 years old
  • Krasava, who lived to be 19-20 years old
  • Shaitan, who lived to be 16-18 years old

Adoption and Rescue

Adoption and Rescue
You’ve reached the end of your journey with your Caucasian Shepherd Dog. You’ve learned about the breed’s history, temperament, and care.

If you’re looking for a Caucasian Shepherd Dog, there are a few things you should know.

  • Reputable breeders are the best way to find a healthy and well-socialized puppy.
  • Backyard breeders often prioritize profit over the health and well-being of their dogs, so it’s important to avoid them.
  • Caucasian Shepherd Dogs are a large breed with a strong prey drive. They need early socialization and training to ensure that they’re well-behaved around other animals and people.
  • Caucasian Shepherd Dogs are a high-maintenance breed. They need plenty of exercise and grooming, and they can be destructive if they’re bored. If you’re not prepared to provide the care that a Caucasian Shepherd Dog needs, it’s best to adopt a different breed.

    Adoption and Rescue Resources

Resource Description
AKC Marketplace Find adoptable Caucasian Shepherd Dogs from reputable breeders
Petfinder Search for adoptable Caucasian Shepherd Dogs from shelters and rescues
The Humane Society Find adoptable Caucasian Shepherd Dogs from local shelters
Adopt-a-Pet Search for adoptable Caucasian Shepherd Dogs from shelters and rescues nationwide


Training is essential for your Caucasian Shepherd to ensure they’re well-behaved and socialized.

Here are 4 tips for training your Caucasian Shepherd:

  1. Start early with socialization and obedience training.
  2. Use positive reinforcement techniques.
  3. Crate train your Caucasian Shepherd.
  4. Be consistent with your training.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Are Caucasian Shepherd Dogs good with kids?

With proper socialization and training, Caucasian Shepherd Dogs can be good with kids. However, due to their size and protective instincts, they may be better suited for families with older children.

How much does a Caucasian Shepherd Dog cost?

You’re looking at a price range of $1,500-$3,000 for a Caucasian Shepherd Dog, but it’s important to remember that the cost of ownership is much more than the initial purchase price.

Where can I find a Caucasian Shepherd Dog for adoption?

You can find a Caucasian Shepherd Dog for adoption through rescue groups, such as:

  • Caucasian Shepherd Dog Rescue of America
  • Caucasian Shepherd Dog Rescue Network

What are the pros and cons of owning a Caucasian Shepherd Dog?

You’re a powerhouse of strength, loyalty, and protection. If you’re looking for a furry companion who’ll match your intensity, the Caucasian Shepherd Dog may be the perfect fit.

What is the difference between a Caucasian Shepherd Dog and a Caucasian Ovcharka?

While the Caucasian Shepherd Dog and the Caucasian Ovcharka are often used interchangeably, they’re two distinct breeds with different histories and characteristics.


If you’re looking for a loyal, protective, and imposing companion, the Caucasian Shepherd Dog may be the breed for you.

Avatar for Mutasim Sweileh

Mutasim Sweileh

Mutasim is the founder and editor-in-chief with a team of qualified veterinarians, their goal? Simple. Break the jargon and help you make the right decisions for your furry four-legged friends.